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The Shield: March 2021 Municipal Market Update

Updated: Sep 21, 2022

By: Brandon Lippold, Assistant Vice President

Since we published our 2020 Mid-Year Market Update last June, the financial markets have calmed down from the historic turbulence experienced as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Two topics have come to the forefront of current municipal market discussion: the changing rate environment, and the continued efforts to transition from LIBOR to SOFR. Changing Rate Environment The primary market mover in 2020 was the COVID-19 pandemic (our April and June editions of The Shield touched on this impact), with significant federal stimulus helping reverse the negative market trends that resulted. Currently, absolute interest rates remain low despite some recent steepening. Overall, the market environment remains relatively attractive to borrowers as credit spreads have managed to creep downward through the start of 2021; primarily driven by higher investor demand compared to a lower supply. MMD: Over the past year, MMD levels have remained near historic lows, with a steepening trend that followed the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The significant volatility experienced by the MMD index in the immediate aftermath of the pandemic has continued to stabilize, though rates have increased significantly over the past few weeks following a significant upward move in treasuries (primarily based on an improved economic outlook).


Consistent with the steepening trend is the LIBOR index, whose rates remain historically low, particularly on the short end of the curve.

Fed Funds:

In August of 2020, the FOMC announced significant changes to its target view of U.S. employment and inflation. At the January Fed meeting, Jerome Powell indicated that there is still work to be done to recover employment levels, expressing less concern about increased inflation in the current economy. The Fed’s overnight target rate fell off a cliff as part of its response to the COVID-19 pandemic, with a target range of 0%-0.25% announced in early March of 2020.

Since then, the Fed has indicated that it does not plan to target rate hikes in the foreseeable future, with the expectation being to maintain its current target range until at least 2023.


As a result of Fed action to stabilize the broader markets, the VRDB market and the SIFMA/LIBOR relationship has continued to stabilize. Both indices have remained at very low levels (near or below 0.10%).

LIBOR Transition

The LIBOR transition process continues, while milestones set by the ARRC (Alternative Reference Rate Committee) continue to be met on time ( Importantly, the deadline for transition has shifted over the last three months, with Banks now expected to no longer be obligated to make LIBOR submissions after June 30, 2023, an 18-month extension from the initial LIBOR cessation date.

To better address the impact of regulatory announcements and changes to the timing of the transition, Blue Rose, along with our affiliate company HedgeStar, is hosting a webinar on March 18th at 1:00 pm CST.

Additional Resources

For further detail on this topic, the ARRC continues to publish major updates on its website (


About the Author:

Brandon Lippold Assistant Vice President | Brandon Lippold joined Blue Rose in 2018 as a Quantitative Analyst, providing modeling, analytics, market data, and research in support of the delivery of capital planning, debt and derivatives advisory, and reinvestment services to our clients. In the role of Associate, he utilized his experience as a Quantitative Analyst in a more client-facing role, while still performing much of the analysis utilized in this capacity. In his role of Assistant Vice President, he will be tasked with growing client management responsibilities, in particular ensuring that our clients’ transactions run smoothly through closing. Prior to Blue Rose, Mr. Lippold worked at HedgeStar (formerly DerivActiv) where he most recently held the title of Senior Quantitative Analyst and Valuations Team Lead. His professional experience also includes time in the fields of mergers and acquisitions and private equity. Mr. Lippold has also held the position of Co-President for the national volunteer organization Students Today Leaders Forever.


Webinar: LIBOR Transition - Be Prepared!

March 18, 2021 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm CST

In this session, we are focusing on the inevitable transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) from a borrower’s perspective. We address SOFR “math” with insight into the mechanics of the transition and answer the question plaguing so many on this subject – what should I do next?

How did we get here? We will begin with a brief history on LIBOR and the current transition timetable from the Alternative Reference Rate Committee. The presentation will continue with a deeper understanding of SOFR and the economics surrounding the LIBOR-SOFR transition related to loans and derivatives. Importantly, we will discuss some of the perceived shortcomings of SOFR and alternatives being considered by market participants. Might there be market opportunities ahead of a formal conversion? Finally, we will conclude with the “do’s and don’ts” of transition preparation and hedge accounting considerations.

Key Objectives & Key Take-Aways:

  • Understand the reason for LIBOR cessation and the mechanics of SOFR.

  • Learn about SOFR and where it is and isn’t an appropriate replacement index.

  • Understand how the value of your portfolio might be impacted by the transition.

  • Identify the action items in preparation for an ultimate transition.

Level: Basic

Advanced Preparation: None

Prerequisites: None

Field of Study: Finance

CPE Credit(s): 1

Delivery Method: Group Live

Cost: FREE


Comparable Issues Commentary

Shown below are the results of two negotiated taxable higher education issues from public universities that sold in the month of February. The University of New Mexico (“New Mexico” or “UNM”) and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (“UNC Charlotte”) priced taxable bond issues on February 3rd and February 25th, respectively. Both transactions were solely issued for refunding purposes, with New Mexico’s bond issue advance refunding its Series 2014A and 2014C bonds while UNC Charlotte’s issuance served to advance refund its Series 2013B and 2014 bonds, as well as a series of Taxable Refunding Limited Obligation Bonds issued by the University of North Carolina at Charlotte Facilities Development Corporation, Inc. The two issues were relatively comparable in size, with UNM’s Series 2021 Bonds issued in the amount of $75.77M and UNC Charlotte’s Series 2021 Bonds issued with a moderately larger par amount of $95.25M. New Mexico’s Bonds were rated “Aa3/AA-” (Moody’s/S&P), with a single 2035 serial maturity carrying a BAM-insured “AA” S&P rating, while UNC Charlotte’s bonds were rated “Aa3/A+” (Moody’s/S&P).

The two schools priced into a market with credit spreads continuing to tighten relative to 2020’s COVID-inflated levels, but one that also saw taxable indices rising markedly during the month of February. For reference, the 5, 7, 10, and 30-year treasuries all increased by 35-40 bps between UNM’s pricing on February 3rd and UNC Charlotte’s bond sale just over 3 weeks later on February 25th. The two transactions priced relatively similarly on a spread basis, with most comparable maturities spread within ~10 bps of one another – UNC Charlotte priced tighter on the front end of the curve and New Mexico achieved lower spreads on later maturities from 2030-2035. However, the massive shift in taxable benchmark rates resulted in UNC Charlotte’s absolute yields exceeding those of New Mexico by over 50 bps for some later maturities, though the shortest part of the yield curve (1-3 years) remained relatively stable between the two pricings. Both universities sold their bonds with par call features, with UNM utilizing a 9-year call in 2030 while UNC Charlotte opted for a standard 10-year par call in 2031 (UNC Charlotte, unlike UNM, also issued its bonds with a make-whole call option prior to the par call date). The bonds were each serialized at least through 2035 (the final maturity of New Mexico’s Series 2021 issue), with UNC Charlotte’s longer-dated final maturity resulting in the use of two term bonds in 2041 and 2044.

Interest Rates

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